They were thus attracted to the Cape settlement as it allowed for individual enterprise, opportunity and a better social status. Meat was procured from the Khoi and vegetables grown in the company garden. Dutch ships in Table Bay South Africa in the 17th century - Jan van Riebeeck and the Cape Colony Originally, the V.O.C. The Cape of Good Hope, also known as the Cape Colony (Dutch: Kaapkolonie), was a British colony in present-day South Africa named after the Cape of Good Hope.The British colony was preceded by an earlier Corporate colony that became a Dutch colony of the same name (controlled by France), the Kaap de Goede Hoop, established in 1652 by the United East India Company (VOC). 70 16 Peter Kolb (v. 2 frontis) Peter Kolb (1675-1725), was born on 10 October 1675 in Dörflas (Germany). (See the menu top right). They traded their cattle and sheep for copper, iron and tobacco (cf. Meeting the indigenous peopl e – 6 th April, Van Riebeeck makes the acquaintance of two Khoikhoi who had come aboard the Dromedaris. The foothold established by Jan van Riebeck following his arrival with three ships on 6th April 1652 was usually taken in Afrikaner accounts to be the start of the 'history' of South Africa. The Cape of Good Hope was a Dutch settlement from 1652 until 1795. However, in 1806 Britain reoccupied the Cape and in the peace settlement of Vienna in 1814, the colony was permanently ceded to British. Settlements are now being planned according to human preferences and desires. Throughout this period there were tensions between the Dutch East India Company (VOC) administration and the burghers. They stayed for nearly one year, until they were rescued by a fleet of 12 ships under the command of W. G. de Jong. The genetic origins of of the San, who were people of the later Stone Age, can be traced back to the beginning of modern humanity. There is a Dutch word - 'Hottentotoo' meaning stammering which might also be the source. The Dutch claimed that they had purchased the land from Osingkhima leader of the Khokhoi group known as the Goringhaiqua with brandy, tobacco and bread. This caused the Second Boer War of 1889-1902 when conflicts … Reasons for Jan van Riebeeck settling at the Cape The VOC issues instructions that a refreshment station be established order to supply VOC ships on their way to the East Indies with fruit, vegetables, medical aid and meat. Explain the motives of the Dutch settlement at the Cape. Slavery was a mainstay of the labor force of the Cape Colony between its foundation by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in 1652 and abolition in 1834, by which date the Cape was under British rule. Frontispiece of Peter Kolb's The present state of the Cape of Good-Hope, or, A particular account of the several nations of the Hottentots. London: printed for W. Innys, 1731 [Rare Books Collection DT1813 KOL ] On 6 April 1652 three Dutch ships, the Drommedaris , the Reijger and the Goede Hoop , moored in Table Bay. %PDF-1.4 %���� Most authors commenting on the ideological roots of this Dutch settlement of the middle of the seventeenth century advanced the uncritical notion that Dutch Calvinism determined the nature of the community at the Cape. 0000000616 00000 n This includes the importation of slave labour and trade with the local inhabitants. The Ngoni were Bantu-Nguni speaking people of Northern Zululand in South East Africa. Most authors commenting on the ideological roots of this Dutch settlement of the middle of the seventeenth century advanced the uncritical notion that Dutch Calvinism determined the nature of the community at the Cape. did not intend to establish a full-fledged colony at the Cape, but it committed itself when it gave nine Company servants their freedom in 1657 to establish private farms in the Rondebosch area below the eastern slopes of Table Mountain. 0000001817 00000 n The British occupied the Cape in 1795, ending the Dutch East India Company’s role in the region. In their determination to reach the center of trade in India and the Far East, European merchants succeeded to around the southern tip of Africa in the 5th century. The Dutch Governor, Jan van Riebeeck settled in South Africa in 1652 and planted the first vines of French origin in 1655 in the Cape Town area. Reason For Dutch Settlement In Cape Town. The Cape settlement was built by them in 1652 as a re-supply point and way-station for United East India Company vessels on their way back and forth between the Netherlands and Batavia (Jakarta) in the Dutch East Indies. From the outset Britain followed a policy of Anglicisation. This includes the importation of slave labour and trade with the local inhabitants. White colonisation was as feasible here as it had been in New Netherland, with the … Although human settlement in the subcontinent extends back thousands of years, racial conflict dates from the Dutch arrival at the Cape of Good Hope in 1652, when the Dutch East India Company [Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie or VOC, existed 1602-1798] established a resupply station at Cape Town for its fleets traveling between Holland and its empire in South and Southeast Asia. Enslavement of Africans: The Dutch East India Company provided slaves from West Africa and West India to provide labour for their plantations and livestock. For example most land use patterns in resettlement areas are a result of deliberate human planning more than anything else. They traded their cattle and sheep for copper, iron and tobacco (cf. endstream endobj 71 0 obj <> endobj 72 0 obj <> endobj 73 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>/Pattern<>>> endobj 74 0 obj <> endobj 75 0 obj <> endobj 76 0 obj <> endobj 77 0 obj <>stream Displacement of African people: Africans were forced to move from their normal productive areas to unproductive areas. Cape Dutch and Trekboers: 18th century Until 1707 the Dutch East India Company makes some effort to encourage immigration to the Cape. Cape Town is the second largest city in South Africa and one of the nation’s cultural and economic centers. It had a healthy, subtropical and partly fertile hinterland, which was virtually unoccupied. R. Boxer wrote in his book “The Dutch seaborne Empire”, “the Cape developed into a colony, which was something unique, save for the short-lived New Netherland, in the possesion of the Dutch East and West India Companies. Account of the Dutch Settlement at the Cape by Peter Kolb, London: W. Innys, 1731. Giliomee & Mbenga 2007:21). 0000002386 00000 n The coming of Whites in South Africa is related to the economic development in Europe in the 16th and 17th century. Motives of the Dutch settlement at the Cape, The Impact of Dutch Settlements at the Cape, Discuss the impact of Dutch settlement at the Cape, The impact of the Dutch settlement at the Cape. Dutch Settlement 1652-1712. Boer means farmer, the occupation of most of the settlers. Peter Kolb (v. 2 frontis) Peter Kolb (1675-1725), was born on 10 October 1675 in Dörflas (Germany). These regions remained the preserve of the Khoisan until Europeans put down roots at the Cape of Good Hope. 0000002122 00000 n This was a period of merchant capital i.e. By 1652 the Dutch East Indian Company established the fort at Table Bay with the aim of supplying fresh produce to ship sailing to and from the East Indies. From the outset Britain followed a policy of Anglicisation. 0000002045 00000 n the Dutch had adopted the Cape as their regular port-of-call, and by 1601 fourteen Dutch fleets, or a total of 65 ships, had found their way to the Indies, having first made landfall at the Cape. Yet by that time, half a century after the first settlement, the burgher families still number only 1779 men, women and children - consisting of Dutch, German and a minority of Huguenots.Together they own 1107 slaves, mainly adult males. Social segregation: The Dutch thought themselves superior to Africans, they exploited and mistreated Africans as they were regarded as stupid,uncivilised and faithless thus, laying the foundation of racial segregation. xref 85 0 obj <>stream As their trade flourished they established mints … 0000001312 00000 n Following the conquest of Constantinople by the Turks, it was actually the Portuguese who first set out to find an alternative sea-route to India & China. <<4FA25E29571F3E4CB81EC56142A0693A>]>> Settlers used metal, beads, tobacco spirit to obtain cattle from the Khoi. The VOC was a Dutch commercial company, with the sole purpose of establishing settlements or “colonies” to increase profit. startxref Slavery was a mainstay of the labor force of the Cape Colony between its foundation by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in 1652 and abolition in 1834, by which date the Cape was under British rule. If you have any related queries please start a discussion linked to this project. On that April day, Jan van Riebeeck arrived with 3 ships and a company of 90 men, women and children. As early as 1814 Dutch was unofficially forbidden in the courts. They lived hunting game with bows and arrows, foraged for food. 0000001048 00000 n Full emancipation of slaves came 26 years later in 1834. Before the arrival of Europeans, the area was inhabited by San and Khoikhoi peoples.In 1652, Jan van Riebeeck established a small colony on the Cape of Good Hope as a refreshment station for the Dutch East India Company.
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