An indoor cat can be infected with FHV by coming into contact with contaminated objects. My cats are indoor cats, and we do that vax. Also known as viral rhinotracheitis or FHV, this virus can cause serious upper respiratory infection, eye problems, and lethargy. Don’t assume that your cat doesn’t need at least some vaccines just because he doesn’t go outside. Most vets recommend adult cats receive an annual FVRCP booster shot while others recommend the booster shot every 3 years. When deciding which vaccines to give your indoor cat, you should consider their general health and overall risk, including whether they may escape, need to stay at a boarding facility while you travel, or even go to a groomer. Even more concerning is the risk of panleukopenia, feline leukemia virus or feline virus. Cats that are indoors ideally should be vaccinated for FVRCP, Rabies and Feline Leukemia. According to the American Association of Feline Practitioners Vaccination Advisory Panel, indoor cats should always stay up-to-date on core vaccines. The virus can survive 48 hours in a damp environment such as a litter box, or 2 hours in a dry environment. The bad news? Adult Cat Vaccinations Vaccines are given to your cat one year after the end of the kitten series. The only feline leukemia virus vaccine shown to be effective against persistent viremia for 2 years after vaccination. As modern vaccines have proven to be safe and effective against this common cancer, I'd suggest you have your cat checked for feline leukemia (she could have been infected in utero or while nursing). This is why it’s so common in shelters and kennels. Fortunately, there are many ways we can protect our cats from exposure to this disease. They are vaccinated for rabies as required by law depending on the county/state law. If your cat needs to be boarded while you’re away, you may be required to provide proof of vaccination. This virus is similar to canine parvo virus and it’s very stable and opportunistic. This vaccine provides immunity against two separate upper respiratory diseases (Rhinotracheitis—the Feline Herpes virus, and Calici virus). You might, for instance, leave Piper at a boarding facility during your vacation and later learn that she became friends with the kitty in the next cage. How Do I Treat My Horse's Fire Ant Bites? Get More Country Vet Answers by Subscribing to the our News Letter. The following vaccines aren’t strictly required for an indoor cat that can’t escape, is otherwise healthy, and has no exposure to other cats. There isn’t enough evidence that FIP can spread easily between cats and studies show that FIP vaccination is not very effective. Feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) is an incurable viral infection that eventually produces fatal illness in infected cats. How do you know cats and dogs have identical immune systems? Feline leukemia Take, for example, FELV (feline leukemia … This virus can be contracted in utero or from a shelter if you adopted your cat. 66 New Year's Eve Dinner Ideas to Welcome 2021, New Year Wishes to Send to Friends and Family, 38 New Year's Eve Cocktails to Help Ring in 2021. Cats who roam around outdoors can come across diseases such as feline leukemia, and therefore should be protected against them. Only a few of them might be due for vaccinations. This contagious disease is one of the primary causes of upper respiratory infections in cats and it can cause eye problems, sneezing, lethargy, sores in the mouth, lameness, and pneumonia. The current vaccine recommendations for cats from the AAHA and the AAFP include vaccinating all kittens against FeLV following a negative blood test. Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) is second only to trauma as the leading cause of death in cats, killing 85% of persistently infected felines within three years of diagnosis. So it’s not surprising that vaccinations in human health have become controversial. What Is Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV)? And the vaccine itself is at best 80% effective in preventing it (some studies put it at a lower percentage). It is estimated that 2.3% of cats in the western United States are infected with FeLV. Pets are as likely to catch something while they’re boarded as they are in an animal shelter. A vaccination is a preparation of microorganisms (pathogens), such as viruses or bacteria, that is administered to produce or increase immunity to a particular disease. All of our kitties need rabies and feline upper respiratory vaccinations. Cats heading into stressful situations, such as boarding, may benefit from a core vaccine booster 7-10 days before. What if your cat was already exposed to the feline herpesvirus as a kitten or you decide to let your cat roam outdoors in the future? We should be doing everything possible to protect them. Cat rabies vaccines are available as 1-year vaccines and 3-year vaccines. It can suppress the immune system and bone marrow production and has been associated with a type of cancer called lymphoma in cats. An example of a core vaccine is the rabies vaccine. I don't know if Florida requires the rabies vaccine, but if it does, I will not ask for a waiver for any cat that has no adverse reaction to it. The vaccine is especially important for kitties that play outdoors, since they may come into contact with infected felines. The feline leukemia shot is no longer on the list of "core" vaccines that the AVMA recommends for indoor cats. Many cats pick up distemper in a shelter, kennel, or even at the groomer. 64 Superior Efficacy demonstrated vs. multiple FeLV vaccines 65,66. To be safe, a 1-year booster shot is a smart choice but a 3-year shot may be acceptable if your cat is low-risk. Because FeLV can affect almost any organ system in the body, clinical signs can vary significantly. Feline distemper is a very contagious and dangerous virus that can cause diarrhea, appetite loss, vomiting, fever, and even death in cats, especially kittens. You may not have thought to do so if you plan for him to be an indoor cat, but veterinary immunology expert Ronald Schultz, DVM, says that vaccination during kittenhood, followed by a single booster vaccination at 1 year of age, is the best way to prevent the spread of the disease and reduce its incidence. Your indoor cat is at a very low risk of contracting rabies but your local jurisdiction may require a current rabies vaccine certification. A: Generally, all cats should be vaccinated against feline viral rhinotracheitis, calicivirus and panleukopenia. Feline leukemia: This serious viral infection spreads through many bodily fluids like saliva, feces, urine, and milk. Older cats often develop a certain amount of natural immunity. Veterinarians recommend a feline leukemia vaccine as one of a number of feline vaccinations given at regular intervals over your cat's life. Do indoor and outdoor cats need different vaccinations? Or she could get spooked and scamper out the front door, only to find herself nose-to-nose with a tom from down the street. Hertzko Self Cleaning Slicker Brush – Gently Removes Loose Undercoat, Mats and... Purina Fancy Feast Gravy Wet Cat Food Variety Pack, Seafood Grilled Collection -... Purina Pro Plan Veterinary Supplements Probiotics Cat Supplement, Fortiflora... Vet's Best Mosquito Repellent for Dogs and Cats | Repels Mosquitos with... Sizing Up: How Big Do Cats Get? Feline leukemia is a viral disease in cats caused by the Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV). Kissin’ Kittens: Do Cats Like to Be Kissed? These are the required or recommended vaccines for indoor cats. This dangerous virus is contagious and can spread from cat to cat. Regardless of vaccine status, outdoor cats should be retested every year to determine if they have been exposed. First visit (6 to 8 weeks) fecal exam for parasites; blood test for feline leukemia While indoor cats are not usually in danger of contracting rabies or leukemia, they could be in contact with a new cat to the household or … Assuming Piper tests negative, have her vaccinated, even if her chances of exposure seem low. The good news is indoor cats require fewer vaccines than outdoor cats because they are at a lower risk of many communicable diseases that can affect felines. Suggested Articles Need for Rabies Vaccination for Indoor Cats Feline Leukemia Virus Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Feline Infectious Peritonitis Vaccines are preparations that resemble infectious agents like bacteria or viruses but are not pathogenic (disease causing). Your cat could accidentally get outdoors. A Shot at Prevention: What Vaccines Do Indoor Cats Need? Only a few of them might be due for vaccinations. FCV does not require direct cat-to-cat contact; it can survive up to a month in the environment and on objects. I recall that as my first got to be a senior (7+ years) I believe they stopped the feline leukemia (I'm pretty sure it was that one) but otherwise it was always rabies, stool sample, etc. Before the days of effective vaccines, cats routinely died from panleukopenia (“feline distemper”) and complications of upper respiratory (herpesvirus, calicivirus) infections. However, it is not contagious to humans. Does your cat need leukemia vaccine if she never goes outside? After vaccination, the immune system is trained to recognize infectious agents by producing proteins called antibodies or activating specific cells to kill the agents. Feline Leukemia vaccine is classified as a non-core vaccine under the World Small Animal Veterinary Association (WSAVA) and American Association of Feline Practitioners feline vaccination guidelines, meaning that the need for vaccination is dictated by … Cats are amazing! When a vaccinated cat encounters these agents in the future, it rapidly generates antibodies and activates the cells that recognize the agents, producing an immune response that results in the elimination of the invading agent. Combination Vaccine FVRCP, or feline distemper, FeLV for felines at risk of exposure to feline leukemia virus (cats that are unsupervised outdoors), and rabies annually as required by law. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at, 2021 Most Popular Baby Boy Name Predictions, The Best Instagram Captions for All Your Dog Pics, You Can Get A Mini Santa Hat For Your Chicken, Fun Thanksgiving Activities for the Entire Family, Major Biden Is First Rescue Dog in the White House. The infection is most common in cats who are physically or emotionally stressed and cats with weakened immune systems. It is life-threatening and one of the most common cat diseases. There can be no disputing that vaccines save lives but they also have the potential to cause serious side effects which will be discussed on this webpage.Before we get started on this discussion, it is important to understand that there is no single vaccine protocol t… There is no treatment for feline leukemia, and it is fatal to cats. If your cat contracts these infections, its life is at serious risk. And, cats with a history of having sarcomas would need vaccinations with less frequency. Avoiding Side Effects of the Leukemia Vaccine. Kittens should receive this shot at 6-8 weeks because they are very vulnerable to calicivirus and distemper. My question was more about what cats need IN ADDITION TO rabies, if anything. Do Indoor Cats Need Vaccinations? Check with your cat’s veterinary office to see exactly which of your cats are due for vaccinations, and see if you need vaccines for indoor cats. Even a few hours outside can be enough time for your cat to encounter a rabid animal, a stray cat with a disease, or be bitten by a mosquito or tick. When Should You Take Your Christmas Tree Down? Non-Core Vaccines for Cats . FVRCP (Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis, Calici virus and Panleukopenia) is another recommended vaccine for indoor cats. Some experts also recommend annual revaccination with feline leukemia vaccine if your cat is exposed to other cats on a regular basis. Keep in mind you should reassess your cat’s need for these vaccines if you decide to let your cat outside, expose your cat to other pets, or your cat needs to stay in a kennel.
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