Yet Sweden formally recognizes that youthfulness mitigates criminal responsibility, and provides shorter sentences for young offenders because of their reduced culpability. Political system. However, it is doubtful if major increases in ju-venile delinquency can be traced to the youth justice system. Thereby Swedish youth justice system is still to be considered Upon studying the Swedish criminal justice system, the most concerning aspect is the attitude behind the policy decisions. The youth justice system has largely suc-ceeded in keeping young offenders out of court and, almost com-pletely, out of prison. policies of the Bureau of Justice Statistics or the U. S. Department of Justice. The prosecutor may initiate a criminal investigation ex officio. This comes amid growing awareness that 18- to 25-year-olds are a developmentally distinct group that should be treated differently by the justice system. New research examined juvenile justice … INTRODUCTION. Sweden 9. ll. Sweden is a Scandinavian country located in Northern Europe. The main aim of this article is to discern the problematic issues in Turkey’s juvenile justice system and to suggest solutions for these issues. juvenile justice system is argued. The population of Sweden in 1993 was 8,745,109 inhabitants. GENERAL OVERVIEW i. This chapter describes trends in crime among Swedish youth on the basis of both official statistics and alternative indicators, noting a decline over time both in the general level of youth involvement in crime and in the size of the gender gap, particularly in official statistics. Index Terms—Juvenile justice, justice system, child protection law, Turkey, juvenile delinquency, reformatories. Sweden’s high-security Kumla prison Photograph: Marc Femenia / TT/Press Association Images. Sweden also does not have juvenile courts; youths age 15 and older are tried in the same criminal justice system as other offenders. Since the establishment of the first juvenile court in Cook County, Illinois in 1899, states have recognized that children who commit crimes are different from adults; as a class, they are less blameworthy, and they have a greater capacity for change. So there is no interference from prosecutors dealing with juvenile issues such as education, living issues etc unless these issues include criminal acts. The land area of Sweden is roughly the same size of France. Civil justice system and administrative proceedings 8. .In Sweden the prosecutors are dealing only with criminal cases. Although Swedish policy and practice also have made a new shift toward punitive strategies and standards concerning young offenders, the social wel-fare agencies still have the primary responsibility for young people involved in criminality. First, the Swedish juvenile justice system might prevent intergenerational transmission, as child welfare, and not punishment, was the focus in youth offending [44, 58]. Qualitative studies show punishment decisions are based on minimising the loss of individual freedom, protecting liberty, and repairing social conditions from which the crime originated. Raimo Lahti, John Martyn Chamberlain Towards a more efficient, fair and humane criminal justice system: Developments of criminal policy and criminal sanctions during the last 50 years in Finland, Cogent Social Sciences 3, no.1 1 (Mar 2017). I. amines juvenile delinquency as a function of major changes in Swedish society after World War II.
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